The Civilitary Theory​​

Boko Haram

​​​CivlilItary Model  II

​​​CivlilItary Model  II: Boko Haram

Boko Haram, which means “Western Civilization is Forbidden,” is part of a movement whose primary aim has been to establish an Islamic state based on Shari’a law, with a secondary aim being the wider imposition of Islamic rule beyond Nigeria. Boko Haram has fought against the Nigerian government for years with a bombing campaign that targeted churches, mosques, government buildings, and police stations. 

It is only since 2009 that the group has started to evolve into a territorial terrorist group with the seizure of land in northeast Nigeria, one of the country's poorest regions.  Boko Haram today controls about 20,000 square miles of territory—an area the size of Belgium—and administers the lives of more than 1.7 million people. In keeping with Civilitary Theory, Boko Haram first terrorized local civilians. Boko Haram overtook ISIL as world's deadliest terror group in 2014, responsible for 6,644 deaths (an increase of 317% from 2013). Due to this  increase, Nigeria now has the second highest number of deaths, behind Iraq.

The group appears to be well organized and it possesses sophisticated weaponry financed through robbery, extortion and ransom. As a result, over one million people have been internally displaced from within northern Nigeria, and Nigerian refugee flow to neighboring countries continues to rise. In addition, it has executed terrorist attacks against civilians in communities adjacent to its borders mainly in Chad, Cameroon and Niger. Boko Haram’s activities have remained on the regional level. There are no indications of its involvement in terrorist attacks around the world.

The U.S. maintains a drone base in the region, from which it conducts surveillance flights to monitor Boko Haram and also provided training, some equipment, and financial assistance to the Nigerian military. The Nigerian leadership has publicly called for the United States to increase its involvement and to fight against Boko Haram in the same way it fights ISIL.  But Boko Haram does not face the threat of a substantial air campaign against it, so the group’s evolution has halted for now at Model II.

Examples of ​Civilitary Model II 

Examples of ​Civilitary Model III


Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis



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Examples of ​Civilitary Model I 

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